Three Chinese cities – Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen – have been included on Business Insider's top 25 high-tech cities in the world list this year.
According to the US-based news website, Beijing climbed 15 spots from its 2016 ranking to sit 16th, due to the city's wide smartphone coverage, the rise of patents filed per capita and rapid growth in its venture capital.
Shanghai, home to over 100,000 tech company workers, was just one place behind in 17th. The city also excelled in the patent and venture capital fields, like most of China's high-tech hubs.
Southern coastal city Shenzhen has continued to gain a reputation as a factory and robotics centre. Telecom giant Huawei and internet leader Tencent have both chosen the city as their headquarters.
Business Insider consulted research firm 2thinknow before compiling its ranking of 85 worldwide cities. Ten categories were taken into account, including the number of patents filed per capita, startups, tech venture capitalists, rankings in other innovation datasets, and the level of smartphone use.
San Francisco stayed top of the list, with website hailing it as the “gold standard for tech”. The US location is currently unrivalled in its start up culture, venture capital scene and large volume of innovation talent.